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Richard
Social Sciences
D217
Castillo
Professor of Psychology
808-689-2373

Richard J. Castillo, Professor of Psychology received his M.A. and Ph.D. in Medical and Psychiatric Anthropology from Harvard University where he was mentored by the renowned psychiatrist and anthropologist Dr. Arthur Kleinman. His research and publications develop a holistic paradigm for the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness that integrates known neurobiological, psychological, social, and cultural factors. He is the author of two highly influential textbooks, Culture and Mental Illness: A Client-Centered Approach, and Meanings of Madness, as well as numerous scholarly articles and papers. In recognition of his scholarly achievements, he was elected a Fellow of the American Anthropological Association, and served as a cultural adviser on the composition of DSM-IV and DSM-5, the official diagnostic manuals of the American Psychiatric Association. The courses he teaches include PSY 250 Social Psychology; PSY 352 Varieties of Sexual Expression; PSY 422 Magic, Witchcraft and the Supernatural; PSY/PUBA 473 Psychology of Healing; and PSY/PUBA 474 Culture and Mental Illness.

Ph.D. Medical and Psychiatric Anthropology
Harvard University, 1991        

M.A. Medical and Psychiatric Anthropology
Harvard University, 1989        

M.A. Asian Religions
University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, 1985        

B.A. Philosophy, High Honors, Phi Beta Kappa
University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, 1983         

1999-Present: Professor of Psychology
University of Hawai‘i–West O‘ahu

2016-Present: Concentration Lead, Psychology Concentration and Certificate in Substance Abuse and Addiction Studies
University of Hawai‘i–West O‘ahu

2007-2008: Division Chair, Division of Social Sciences
University of Hawai‘i–West O‘ahu

1999-2008: Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry
John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa

1996-1999: Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry,
John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa

1995-1999: Associate Professor of Psychology (tenured)
University of Hawai‘i–West O‘ahu

1995-1997: Faculty Senate Chair
University of Hawai‘i–West O‘ahu

1995-1997: Co-Convener, All Campus Council of Faculty Senate Chairs
University of Hawai‘i System

1993-1995: Assistant Professor of Psychology
University of Hawai‘i–West O‘ahu

1992-1993: Lecturer of Anthropology
Leeward Community College

1990-1993: Lecturer of Anthropology and Psychology
University of Hawai‘i–West O‘ahu

1989-1990: Visiting Scholar, Department of Anthropology
University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa

1987-1989: Resident Tutor of Anthropology, Cabot House
Harvard University

1986-1988: Teaching Fellow of Anthropology, Department of Anthropology,
Harvard University

1985-1987: Nonresident Tutor of Anthropology, Cabot House
Harvard University

1983-1985: Teaching Assistant of Religion, Department of Religion
University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa

1982-1983: Section Leader, Freshman Seminar Program, Department of Religion, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa

University of Hawai‘i–West O‘ahu                    

  • Psy 250 Social Psychology
  • Psy 352 Varieties of Sexual Expression
  • Psy/Puba 473 Psychology of Healing
  • Psy/Puba 474 Culture and Mental Illness
  • Psy 422 Magic, Witchcraft and the Supernatural
  • SSCI 486P Senior Projects in Psychology
  • Psy 471 Psychology and the Law
  • SSCI 300 Philosophy of the Social Sciences
  • Psy 460 Seminar in Personality Theory
  • Psy 496M Environmental Psychology
  • Anth 419 Culture, Health, and Illness
  • Psy/Anth/Soc 351 Culture, Thought, and Behavior                 
  • Psy 380 Psychology of Justice Administration  
  • Anth/Soc 423 Social and Cultural Change  
  • Phil 311 Philosophy of Law                                             
  • Anth 330 Kinship and Social Organization

Leeward Community College

  • Anth 200 Cultural Anthropology                                                                               
  • Anth 150 Human Adaptation                                                                                     

Harvard University

  • Anth 156 Psychological Anthropology                                         
  • Soc Analysis 28 Culture, Illness and Healing                               
  • Anth 258 Culture and Mental Illness                                              

University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa    

  • Rel 151 Religion and the Meaning of Existence
  • Rel 150 Introduction to the World’s Major Religions

Journal Articles:

Castillo, R.J., & Guo, K.L. (2016). Implications of DSM-5 for Health Care Organizations and Mental Health Policy. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration, 39, (2), 217-244.

Guo, K.L. & Castillo, R.J. (2012). The U.S. Long Term Care System: Development and Expansion of Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities as an Innovative Model for Aging in Place. Ageing International, 37(2), 210-227.

Castillo, R.J. & Guo, K.L. (2011). A Framework for Cultural Competence in Health Care Organizations. Health Care Manager, 30(3), 1-10.

Castillo, R.J. (2006). Effects of Culture on Recovery from Transient Psychosis.  Psychiatric Times, 23(14), 46-48.

Castillo, R.J. (2006). Schizophrenia, Culture, and Subjectivity: The Edge of Experience, edited by Robert Barrett and Janis Jenkins; and Models of Madness:  Biological, Social and Psychological Perspectives on Schizophrenia, edited by John Read, Loren Mosher, and Richard Bentall. American Anthropologist, 108, 229-230 (Combined book review article).

Castillo, R.J. (2004). Shamanism, Consciousness, and the Brain.  Journal of Ritual Studies, 18, 101-104. Book review article of Michael Winkelman’s Shamanism: The Neural Ecology of Consciousness and Healing.

Castillo, R.J. (2003). Trance, Functional Psychosis, and Culture. Psychiatry, 66, 9-21.

Haugen, M. C., & Castillo, R.J. (1999). Unrecognized Dissociation in Psychotic Outpatients and Implications of Ethnicity. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 187 (12), 751-754.

Castillo, R.J. (1995). Culture, Trance and the Mind-Brain. Anthropology of Consciousness, 6 (1), 17-34. Winner of the Volney Stefflre Award for Best Paper in the Field of Anthropology of Consciousness.

Castillo, R.J. (1994). Spirit Possession in South Asia, Dissociation or Hysteria?  Part 2: Case Histories. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 18 (2), 141-162. 

Castillo, R.J.  (1994). Spirit Possession in South Asia, Dissociation or Hysteria?  Part 1: Theoretical Background. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 18 (1), 1-21.

Castillo, R.J. (1994). A Psychiatrist in Paradise: Treating Mental Illness in Bali, by Denny Thong. Anthropology of Consciousness 5 (4), 26 (Book review).

Castillo, R.J. (1992). Cultural Considerations for Trance and Possession Disorder in DSM-IV. Transcultural Psychiatric Research Review, 29, 333-337.

Castillo, R.J. (1991). Divided Consciousness and Enlightenment in Hindu Yogis.  Anthropology of Consciousness, 2 (3-4), 1-6. 

Castillo, R.J. (1990). Depersonalization and Meditation. Psychiatry, 53, 158-168.

Shapiro, S.I., & Castillo, R.J. (1987). Directions in the Development of Transpersonal Psychology. Australian Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 6, 91-99.

Castillo, R.J., & Shapiro, S.I. (1986). Mind, Phallus, and the Transpersonal Self:  The Yogic Symbolism of the Linga in the Mythology of Shiva. Studia Mystica, 9, 59-66.

Castillo, R.J. (1985). The Transpersonal Psychology of Patañjali's Yoga-Sûtra  (Book I: Samâdhi): A Translation and Interpretation. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 6, 391-417.

Books:

  • Castillo, R.J. (1998). Meanings of Madness. Pacific Grove, CA:  Brooks/Cole. 287 pages.
  • Castillo, R.J. (1997). Culture and Mental Illness: A Client-Centered Approach. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole. 339 pages.

Chapters in Books:

  • American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Cultural Adviser and Contributor on the chapter on Dissociative Disorders. Washington, DC:  American Psychiatric Press.
  • Castillo, R.J. (2006). Trance, Functional Psychosis, and Culture. In Proceedings of the First World Congress of Cultural Psychiatry, edited by Wen-Shing Tseng. Beijing: Beijing University.
  • Castillo, R.J. (2004). Witchcraft. In Encyclopedia of Religious Rites, Rituals, and Festivals (1st ed.), edited by Frank A. Salamone (pp. 444-450). New York: Routledge.
  • Castillo, R.J. (2001). Lessons From Folk Healing Practices. In Culture and Psychotherapy: A Guide to Clinical Practice, edited by W.S. Tseng and J. Streltzer (pp. 81-101). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
  • American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR).  Contributor on Cross-Cultural Issues in the Dissociative Disorders, and Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
  • Castillo, R.J. (1998). Lessons From Folk Healing Practices. In Proceedings of the Second Pan-Asia Pacific Conference on Mental Health, edited by Shen Yucan and Xue-Shi Chen (pp. 323-329). Beijing: China Association for Mental Health.
  • Castillo, R.J. (1998). Yoga in India:  Mental Health Perspectives. In Proceedings of the Second Pan-Asia Pacific Conference on Mental Health, edited by Shen Yucan and Xue-Shi Chen (pp. 363-369). Beijing: China Association for Mental Health.
  • Castillo, R.J. (1998). Divided Consciousness and Enlightenment in Hindu Yogis. In Meanings of Madness, edited by R.J. Castillo (pp. 226-233). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
  • Castillo, R.J. (1997). Dissociation. In Culture and Psychopathology: A Guide to Clinical Assessment, edited by W. S. Tseng and J. Streltzer (pp. 101-123).  New York:  Brunner/Mazel.
  • Gonzalez, C.A., Lewis-Fernandez, R., Griffith, E.E.H., Littlewood, R., & Castillo, R.J.  (1997).  Impact of Culture on Dissociation:  Enhancing the Cultural Suitability of DSM-IV.  In DSM-IV Sourcebook, Vol. 3,  edited by T. A. Widiger, A. J. Frances, H. A. Pincus, R. Ross, M.B. First, and W. Davis (pp. 943-949).  Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
  • American Psychiatric Association.  (1994).  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV).  Contributor on Cross-Cultural Issues in the Dissociative Disorders, and Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders.  Washington, DC:  American Psychiatric Press.
  • Gonzalez, C.A., Lewis-Fernandez, R., Griffith, E.E.H., Littlewood, R., & Castillo, R.J.  (1994).  The Impact of Culture on Dissociation: On Enhancing the Cultural Suitability of DSM-IV.  In Cultural Issues and DSM-IV: Support Papers,  edited by J.E. Mezzich and A. Kleinman et al. (pp. 149-158).  Submitted to the American Psychiatric Association DSM-IV Task Force by the National Institute of Mental Health Group on Culture, Diagnosis and Care.  Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh.
  • Lewis-Fernandez, R., Gonzalez, C.A., Griffith, E.E.H., Littlewood, R., & Castillo, R.J.  (1993).  Comments on DSM-IV Drafts of the Dissociative Disorders.  In Revised Cultural Proposals for DSM-IV, edited by J.E. Mezzich and A. Kleinman et al. (pp. 90-104).  Submitted to the American Psychiatric Association DSM-IV Task Force by the National Institute of Mental Health Group on Culture, Diagnosis and Care.  Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh.
  • Gonzalez, C.A., Griffith, E.E.H., Lewis-Fernandez, R., Littlewood, R., & Castillo, R.J.  (1992).  Cultural Considerations for the Dissociative Disorders (DSM-IV).  In Cultural Proposals for DSM-IV, edited by J.E. Mezzich and A. Kleinman et al. (pp. 138-143).  Submitted to the American Psychiatric Association DSM-IV Task Force by the National Institute of Mental Health Group on Culture, Diagnosis and Care.  Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh.

Special Peer-Reviewed Papers for DSM-5:

  • Castillo, R.J.  (2012).  Culture-Related Diagnostic Issues for Depersonalization-Derealization Disorder in DSM-5.  Invited paper submitted to the DSM-5 Task Force, American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC.
  • Castillo, R.J.  (2009).  Cultural Factors for Depersonalization Disorder in DSM-5.  Invited paper submitted to the DSM-5 Task Force, American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC.
  • Castillo, R.J.  (2009).  Recommended Diagnostic Criteria for Dissociative Identity Disorder in DSM-5. Invited paper submitted to the DSM-5 Task Force, American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC.